An Owners’ Corporation must repair and maintain common property in accordance with section 62 of the Strata Schemes Management Act 1996 (NSW) (the Act). This is an absolute and strict liability duty, and is commonly misunderstood.
A duty of absolute and strict liability
The duty imposed under section 62 is a duty that goes beyond taking reasonable steps or using best endeavours, meaning that an Owners’ Corporation could be in breach of its obligations under section 62 despite:
- not being aware of the breach;
- using “best endeavours” to perform the duty; or
- another person causing or contributing to a breach.
This is because section 62 imposes a strict and absolute duty on an Owners’ Corporation to maintain and keep its common property and personal property in good repair; i.e. the obligation is not only to repair damage when it occurs, but to prevent it from occurring in the first place.
When there is a breach?
A breach will be taken to occur from the moment any part of the common property or personal property of the Owners’ Corporation (e.g. washing machines, exhaust systems) is not working properly or requires repair, unless the Owners’ Corporation determines not to repair it per section 62(3). It doesn’t matter if the Owners’ Corporation acts promptly in fixing the problem; theoretically, the problem should have never occurred.
What is required?
To comply with its duties under section 62, an Owners’ Corporation must:
- repair any personal property or common property that no longer operates effectively (or at all) or has fallen into disrepair3; and
- properly maintain its personal property and common property, including by taking preventative measures (e.g. common property altered without consent should be restored to its original state).
What are the extent of the obligations?
Compliance with section 62 does not require:
- replacement of inefficient systems with better systems (e.g. a functioning outdated air conditioning system does not need to be replaced with a more efficient system);
- “improvement” of facilities (i.e. replacement with an equivalent, but not better, system is sufficient); or
- repair or maintenance of anything specified in a special resolution made under section 62(3).
Resolving not to repair or maintain common property
Pursuant to section 62(3), an Owners’ Corporation may determine (by special resolution) that sub-sections 62(1) and (2) will not apply to certain property, provided that:
- it is inappropriate to maintain, renew, replace or repair the specified property; and
- its decision will not adversely impact safety or appearance at the scheme.
There is no need to provide reasons for passing the special resolution, however relevant considerations may include: cost of repair, interference or disturbance, suitability or usefulness etc.
What happens if there is a breach?
Recent case law suggests that a breach of section 62 would most likely give rise to statutory remedies (e.g. an order to comply, rather than damages). However, if malfunctioning or damaged common property causes loss, damage or injury (e.g. to a lot owner or visitor), then the Owners’ Corporation may be exposed to a common law claim for damages (e.g. in negligence).
Some ways to reduce risk associated with a breach, or potential liability flowing from a breach, include:
- establishing systems to regularly monitor the condition of the common property; and
- acting promptly to remedy a breach and prevent consequential damage (e.g. consider whether roof damage will cause further damage each time there is a storm).
Tips and traps for strata managers
Regardless of how the repair or maintenance issue arises (e.g. at a general meeting or by notification), it is important to recognise the obligations of an Owners’ Corporation under section 62 and to ensure that:
- the Owners’ Corporation (and its Executive Committee) understands that that the duty is mandatory and is a strict liability obligation, unless a special resolution is properly passed for affected property;
- the Owners’ Corporation is proactive and not reactive (e.g. recommend a regular inspection process); and
- there is no delay in remedying a breach or carrying out repair or maintenance works.
If the Owners’ Corporation or its Executive Committee does not fully appreciate the full scope of the duty, or it appears there is a breach, then consider whether legal advice should be obtained.
For further information, please contact Leisha de Aboitiz or Ole Mitrevski.
DISCLAIMER: This article is intended to provide commentary and general information. It should not be relied upon as legal advice. Formal legal advice should be sought having regard to any particular facts or circumstances.
 Seiwa Pty Ltd v Owners Strata Plan 35042  NSWSC 1157 – contributory negligence is no defence to the breach of a statutory duty, but a cross-claim may be available.
 Seiwa Pty Ltd v Owners Strata Plan 35042  NSWSC 1157
 Ridis v Strata Plan 10308  NSWCA 246.
 Owners – Strata Plan 21702 v Krimbogiannnis  NSWCA 411.